Vuex Complete Guide with Axios Api Call in Vue Js

Fetching data from a third party api with vuex and axios is going to be todays tutorial. Hello devs in this tutorial i will show you how we can fecth api data by using vuex. You know that vuex is a great state management library for vue js application.

Vuex is a state management pattern + library for Vue.js applications. It serves as a centralized store for all the components in an application, with rules ensuring that the state can only be mutated in a predictable fashion. 

In this example i will simply fetch users from a third party api. In this vuex example my concern is to teach you that how you can use and setup vuex in your vue js application. Also in this vuex state management example i will use axios to fecth api data.

Using vuex we can easily manage our state. Because If your components need to share and update state then you need it. So what is state management pattern?

Let's start with a simple Vue counter app:

new Vue({
  // state
  data () {
    return {
      count: 0
    }
  },
  // view
  template: `
    < div >{{ count }}< /div >
  `,
  // actions
  methods: {
    increment () {
      this.count++
    }
  }
}) 

 

It is a self-contained app with the following parts:

  • The state, the source of truth that drives our app;
  • The view, a declarative mapping of the state;
  • The actions, the possible ways the state could change in reaction to user inputs from the view.

 

This is a simple representation of the concept of "one-way data flow":

vuex-data-flow-one-way

 

However, this simplicity quickly breaks down when we have multiple components that share a common state:

  • Multiple views may depend on the same piece of state.
  • Actions from different views may need to mutate the same piece of state.

 

For problem one, to pass props can be tedious for deeply nested components, and simply doesn't work for sibling components.

For problem two, we often find ourselves resorting to solutions such as to reach for direct parent/child instance references or trying to mutate and synchronize multiple copies of the state via events. Both of these patterns are brittle and quickly lead to unmaintainable code.

So for solving this all the issues together we can use vuex. It's a n amazing library to handle your state. It doesn't matter how many component or siblings component your are going to use and going to manage your state. it is always ready to reduce your hard work for managing your state.

Vuex backend api

vuex-backend-api

SO let's start our vuex tutorial. Now, create a Vue project by running the following code in your terminal:

vue create vuex-app

 

Now we have to install vuex and axios. So open terminal and run both command one after another

npm install vuex

//then

npm install axios

 

In your store folder, create a file and name it index.js like below code

├── index.html
└── src
    ├── components
    ├── App.vue
    └──store
       └── index.js        # where we assemble modules and export the store

 

Next, in your store/index.js file, input the following code:

vuex-app/src/store/index.js

import axios from 'axios'
import Vuex from 'vuex'
import Vue from 'vue'

//load Vuex
Vue.use(Vuex);

//to handle state
const state = {
    posts: []
}

//to handle state
const getters = {
    
}

//to handle actions
const actions = {
    getPosts({ commit }) {
        axios.get('https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts')
            .then(response => {
            commit('SET_POSTS', response.data)
        })
    }
}

//to handle mutations
const mutations = {
    SET_POSTS(state, posts) {
        state.posts = posts
    }
}

//export store module
export default new Vuex.Store({
    state,
    getters,
    actions,
    mutations
})

 

Now we have to register our store in our your main.js file:

import Vue from 'vue'
import App from './App.vue'
import store from './store'

Vue.config.productionTip = false

new Vue({
  store,
  render: h => h(App),
}).$mount('#app')

 

Now open your main App.vue file and paste this below code

vuex-app/src/App.vue

 

Remember that mutation handler functions must be synchronous, and that you can commit mutations in components with this.$store.commit('xxx'), or use the mapMutations helper, which maps component methods to store.commit.

Now if you run your application you will see the following output

vuejs-vuex-axios-api-call-example

 

Also you can check your vue devtools, you will be able to see the below output 

vuex-fecth-api-data-example-with-axiso

 

Look here above we fetch data without using getters. But you can use it. But remember, With Vuex, getters do not actually store a value. Instead, they retrieve and set Vuex state indirectly.

Remember that Vuex getters receive the state as their first argument and can receive other getters as the second argument. MapGetters is a helper that maps store getters to local computed properties.

So update your getters like that

//to handle state
const getters = {
    allPosts: (state) => {
        return state.posts
    }
}

 

And update it also in your App.vue like that

 computed: {
    posts() {
      return this.$store.getters.allPosts;
    }
  },

 

You will see the same output. Hope you got the point to understand it. You can also use mapGetters helper like that

import { mapGetters } from 'vuex'; 
export default {
  name: 'App',
  data () {
    return {
      msg: 'We are learning vuex!!'
    }
  },
  computed: mapGetters(['allPosts']),
  mounted() {
    this.$store.dispatch("getPosts");
  }
}

 

And pass allPosts in your for loop like that

 

Recommended : React Redux Complete Setup Example with Api Call

 

You will see the same output. Hope this vue js vuex tutorial you will help you to learn something new.

 

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A web enthusiastic, a self-motivated full-stack software engineer from Dhaka, Bangladesh with experience in developing applications using Laravel , React and Vue js