Laravel 9 Category Subcategory Example Step By Step

Hello Artisan,

In this laravel 9 dynamic tree view laravel tutorial, I will show you step by step way of how to create dynamic category and subcategory in laravel without using any packages. I will create a pure dynamic laravel multi level category subcategory example.

I was working on an application where I had to create a hierarchical relationship for a Model entity and also figure out a way to display it in HTML. In this tutorial, I simply create a "categories" table and manage the end level of parents and child categories with a nested tree view structure in Laravel application.

We also see how we can create dynamic menu and submenu in laravel 9 using this category subcategory tree, which means you can also create a mega menu in laravel 9 using this system. You will aslo learn how to display category and subcategory in laravel 9. 

In this multi level subcategories system in laravel 9 example. I will put a parent_id and using this, I will create a self-relationship with the Category model. Let's start:



Now let's see how we can create laravel mega menu. 

Step 1: Install Laravel 9 Application

In the first step to creating category management in laravel , if you haven't laravel 9 application setup then we have to get a fresh laravel 9 application. So run the below command and get a clean fresh laravel 9 application.

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog


Step 2: Create Category  Model

Let’s set up a Category model along with the migration file

php artisan make:model Category -m


Create Hierarchical Relationship in Laravel

For this article, we will consider the simplest example of a multi-level dataset i.e. category and subcategory. Here is how the category-subcategory relationship looks like


A category can have multiple subcategory, a subcategory can also have multiple subcategory and so on…


Let’s consider you have a Category model in your application and you are looking to have a relationship with the self table so that you can store subcategories as well.

Let’s now go ahead and modify the migration file to add the required columns.

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreateCategoriesTable extends Migration
     * Run the migrations.
     * @return void
    public function up()
        Schema::create('categories', function (Blueprint $table) {

     * Reverse the migrations.
     * @return void
    public function down()


After creating the categories table you should create a Category model for categories, so first create a file in this path app/Category.php and put the below content in the Category.php file:


namespace App;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Category extends Model
    protected $guarded = [];

    public function subcategory(){

        return $this->hasMany('App\Category', 'parent_id');



Read the relationship as A Category and have many Category (Subcategory) and is associated with parent_id a foreign key. This is a relationship with self-table.


Step 3: Create Route

In this is a step we need to create two routes one for rendering treeview and the second for adding a new category file. so open your routes/web.php file and add the following route.




Step 4: Create Controller

At this point, now we should create a new controller called CategoryController in this path app/Http/Controllers/CategoryController.php. In this controller we will manage the route method, I added two methods in this controller as listed below:


namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class CategoryController extends Controller

    public function index()
        $parentCategories = \App\Category::where('parent_id',0)->get();

        return view('product.categoryTreeview', compact('parentCategories'));


Step 5: Create View

In this step, we have to create a total two-blade file as listed below:


  • categoryTreeview.blade.php
  • manageChild.blade.php


Both blade files will help to render category tree structure, so let's create both file view files and put bellow code.


@foreach($parentCategories as $category)

    @include('product.subCategoryList',['subcategories' => $category->subcategory])


Now update this to complete how to show subcategory under category in laravel 9 application.



We have made use of recursion to call this view file again and again until the parent does have any further child data. That’s it. The above image is what the output will look like. I have used the below data to insert manually. You can insert it and check it. 




Read also : Laravel 9 Category Treeview | How to Display Hierarchical Data


Now category subcategory data are ready using laravel parent child category relationship. I hope it can help you.


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A web enthusiastic, a self-motivated full-stack software engineer from Dhaka, Bangladesh with experience in developing applications using Laravel , React and Vue js